Switzerland (Confederatio Helvetica) - is a relatively small country located in
central Europe, covering area of 41,285 square kilometers. Mountains make up 70% of
Switzerland and the Alps occupy south and central regions of the country. The highest mountain is Monte Rosa
(4,634 meters) but Matterhorn (4,478 meters) is the best known.
The Swiss confederation is made up of 23 cantons; 3 are subdivided
for total of 26. The canton of Graubunden (a.k.a. Grisons) is located in the southwestern
part of Switzerland with neighboring Austria to the East and the Italian border to the
South. Chur is the capital city of Graubunden, Switzerland's largest canton at 7,106
square kilometers. Chur is also the administrative center of one of Switzerland's best-known
narrow (one-meter) gauge railways, the Rhätische Bahn (Rh B).
RhB operates a 375 km long meter gauge track network with over
115 tunnels, 485 bridges and maximum gradient of 4.5%. It provides a frequent and reliable
year around passenger and goods service throughout the Canton.
Rolling stock used by the RhB is as varied as one would expect to find
on a railway with over 110 years of service; 3 steam engines (G 3/4, G 5/6), 53 electric locomotives
(Ge 4/4 I, II, III, Ge 6/6 I, II, Ge 2/2, Ge 2/4), 2 dual-power locomotives (Gem 4/4), over
40 powered railcars, 350 passenger coaches and nearly a thousand goods wagons.